Rostov region and Rostov-on-Don
(Source: http://www.dontourism.ru/en/ )
Rostov region is the land of rich and glorious history, generous nature, peculiar Cossack culture, talented and hospitable people.
The pride of Rostov region are the various historic and cultural objects, such as preserve museums, museums of local lore, historical, architectural and art monuments, local historical places of interest, memorial and ethnographic complexes.
The Don land is the land of wonderful people. The Homeland of such genius countrymen as A.P. Chekhov and M.A. Sholokhov organized state preserve museums, dedicated to the famous writers, giving place to colorful annual festival and other events. It is the common knowledge, that the Don land girls are the most beautiful girls in Russia, that is proved at the various beauty contests every year.
The vast steppe lands, mild and warm climate, the legendary Quiet Don, mirror-like surface of the Azov and Tsymlyansk seas, preserved steppe areas, mineral water springs and therapeutic muds, all the generous gifts of the Don land create perfect conditions for tourism and recreation.
It is a tradition to welcome guests on the Don land. If you wish to learn the Don land backgrounds, breathe in the free air, taste the famous Cossack fish-soup and splendid Don wines, see the folklore Cossack fests – welcome to the land of the Quiet Don. We have so many wonderful things to offer our guests!
Rostov-On-Don is Rostov region and the South Russia administrative center; it is a port of five seas, a south Russian significant industrial and cultural center, and an important junction of transportation highways.
The city was founded in 1749 on the right hilly bank of the Don River, 46 km away from the Don confluence with the Azov Sea. In the beginning, there was only customs zone on this site, then in 1760 began the fortress construction for south Russian boarders’ protection, named after the Rostov and Yaroslavl metropolitan Dmitry. The settlements arising around the fortress were named as town Rostov-on-Don in August 17 1807 in the Emperor Alexander the First Decree.
The city area is 354 km2, the population is more than 1.058 million people. The city is located 1226 km away from Moscow, in the center of transportation highways, giving access to three seas – the Black, Azov, Caspian; and connection to the CIS European part, Transcaucasia, the Middle East and the Mediterranean. The city has a n international airport with the passenger traffic of 4,5 billion passenger-kilometers.
Rostov-on-Don has a specific unique outlook due to its rich historical and cultural heritage. Its whole history starting from a small settlement near Temernitskaya customs and St. Dimitry Rostovsky fortress until now is reflected in numerous architectural, archaeological and monumental art; as well as in memorial ensembles of military glory.
The city is a big transportation juncture. There is an international airport in the city with flights within Russia and CIS countries, as well as to the countries of Europe, Africa and Asia. There is also an international river-port in Rostov-on-Don.
Rostov-on-Don is crossed by the railway “St.-Petersburg - Rostov - Caucasus”; navigable waterway from the center of Russia to the Black and Mediterranean Seas, and an air corridor “St.-Petersburg - Moscow - Caucasian region”.
By 2018, it is planned to construct the Yuzhny (southern) airport - the largest international airport in the South of Russia. The airport will be constructed on the territory of former the Bataysk military airport. Rostov-on-Don is crossed by several highways of federal and regional importance.